May 18, 2015

0 Comments

Expected Effects of Tobacco Taxation in Five Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Authors: Irina Denisova and Polina Kuznetsova, CEFIR. In this policy brief, we discuss the results from a study of different dimensions of tobacco taxation policy in five former Soviet Union countries: Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Russia and Ukraine. We find that the increase in budget revenue from raising excises on filter cigarettes is high in […]

Continue reading...

May 11, 2015

0 Comments

Non-Tariff Measures in the Context of Export Promotion Policies

Author: Elena Besedina, KSE. This brief focuses on the role of non-tariff measures (NTMs) in international trade. While multilateral and bilateral trade negotiations have resulted in worldwide reductions in tariffs, we observe an increasing trend in the application of non-tariff measures. In this brief, we will discuss the evidence of the effect of such measures […]

Continue reading...

May 4, 2015

0 Comments

New Light on the Eastern Front – Contributions from Russia to the 70th Anniversary of the Victory in Europe in World War Two

Author: Lennart Samuelson, SITE. Interesting results of the post-Soviet research on the Second World War are now presented in 12 imposing volumes, Velikaia Otechestvennaia Voina 1941 –1945 (Great Patriotic War 1941–45) written by specialists in military, political, international and economic history. Each chapter reflects the research frontier. Their style contrasts positively against Soviet works during […]

Continue reading...

April 27, 2015

0 Comments

A Russian Sudden Stop Still a Major Risk

Author: Torbjörn Becker, SITE. The Russian economy is facing serious challenges in 2015 even after the currency and stock market have strengthened on the back of (expectations of even) higher oil prices. Policy makers that ignore these challenges may be in for a rude awakening when more statistics on the real economy are now coming […]

Continue reading...

April 20, 2015

0 Comments

Public Procurement Thresholds in Sweden

Authors: Elena Paltseva and Giancarlo Spagnolo, SITE. We investigate the impact of procurement thresholds on strategic behavior of public buyers in Sweden. We document signs of “bunching” at the threshold, which suggests that strategic behavior in procurement is potentially important in Sweden, and should not be overlooked in the on-going public debate on the procurement […]

Continue reading...

April 13, 2015

0 Comments

Distribution of the VAT Burden in Poland by Income Group and Demographic Characteristics

Authors: Michal Myck and Monika Oczkowska, CenEA. The Value Added Tax (VAT) is the main source of revenue for the public budget in Poland. Though issues regarding VAT rates or tax settlement mechanisms are brought into the public debate in Poland on a regular basis, little is still known on the distribution of the VAT […]

Continue reading...

March 30, 2015

0 Comments

Export Costs of Visa Restrictions

Authors: Natalia Kapelko and Natalya Volchkova, CEFIR. We study the role of visa restrictions in determining export flows between firms and countries, and find a significant negative impact of visa restrictions. Our results indicate that visa costs not only diminish the value of export, but also the probability of new firms to enter visa restricted […]

Continue reading...

March 23, 2015

0 Comments

Did the Fertilizer Cartel Cause the Food Crisis?

Authors: Hinnerk Gnutzmann, Catholic University of Milan, and Piotr Spiewanowski, Polish Academy of Sciences. Food prices escalated during the 2007/2008-food crisis and have remained at historically high levels since. We show that an international export cartel for fertilizers was an important driver of the crisis, explaining up to 60% of the price increase. While biofuel […]

Continue reading...

March 16, 2015

0 Comments

Who Cheats on a Cartel Agreement?

Author: Catarina Marvão, SITE. Leniency policies, widely used by antitrust authorities, aim to deter and dissolve cartels by granting a fine reduction (up to immunity) to reporting cartel members. What are the characteristics of the reporting cartel members? Marvão (2014) addresses this question by developing and testing a model where cartel members are heterogeneous in […]

Continue reading...

March 9, 2015

0 Comments

Education for the Poor

Authors: Lasha Lanchava and Zurab Abramishvili, ISET and CERGE-EI. This brief summarizes the results of a study by Lanchava and Abramishvili (2015), which investigates the impact on university enrollment of an unconditional cash transfer in Georgia, designed to help households living below the subsistence level. The program, introduced in 2005, selects recipients based on a […]

Continue reading...
Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 95 other followers