Socio-Economic Policy in Poland: A Year of Major Changes in Benefits, Taxes, and Pensions

Highly Educated Women No Longer Have Fewer Kids

This policy brief summarizes evidence that the cross-sectional relationship between fertility and women’s education in the U.S. has recently become U-shaped. The number of hours women work has concurrently increased with their education. The theory that the authors advance is that raising children and home-making...
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Examining Social Exclusion among the 50+ in Europe – Evidence from the Fifth Wave of the SHARE Survey

Authors: Michal Myck and Monika Oczkowska, CenEA. Though intuitive, the concept of social exclusion is complex and hard to measure. Recently, however, we have witnessed policymakers and international institutions increasingly pay attention to better understand material and social distress and to identify the means to...
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Crisis and Trust

Authors: Maxim Ananyev and Sergei Guriev, CEFIR Our research uses the 2008-2009-crisis experience in Russia to identify the relationship between income and trust. In 2009, Russian GDP fell an 8-percent drop in 2009. The impact of the crisis was very uneven among Russian regions because...
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Growing Inequalities in Workplace Amenities

Authors: Olena Nizalova, University of Kent, IZA, Kyiv School of Economics and Nataliia Shapoval, Kyiv School of Economics. Inequality is considered to be a serious detrimental factor for societies’ development. It has been shown to undermine the health of the population, cause civil unrest, and...
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Equity and Efficiency in the Latvian Tax-Benefit System

Authors: Anna Zasova and Anna Zdanovica (BICEPS). There is a trade-off between two major objectives of a tax-benefit system: equity and efficiency. The tax-benefit systems that redistribute a lot of income tend to generate disincentives to work. The tax-benefit systems that create good incentives to...
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Financial Support for Families with Children and Its Trade-Offs: Balancing Redistribution and Parental Work Incentives

Authors: Michal Myck, Anna Kurowska and Michal Kundera, CenEA. Reforms of tax-benefit system of financial support for families with children have a broad range of consequences. In particular, they often imply trade-offs between effects on income redistribution and work incentives for first and second earners...
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